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The Review of Reviews [1st]  Introduction
Volume 2  (July to December 1890)
Issue [1] (July 1890)Expand    Contract

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 3–12.

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The Progress of the World

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Editorial, News-Commentary

Relevant illustrations:

map [3]

Subjects:

Exploration, Imperialism, Religion


    Advises that Robert A T Gascoyne-Cecil (3rd Marquess of Salisbury) Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903) ODNB
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should have 'taken advantage of Sir Charles Warren's Warren, Sir Charles (1840–1927) ODNB
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expedition to proclaim all the territory up to the Zambesi as British' (6). Also notes that 'the Scramble for Africa has exalted the popular and official estimate' of missionaries, who are now seen to 'constitute an almost ideal band of pioneers' (7).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 17–23.

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Character Sketch: July. Millicent Garrett Fawcett & Her Daughter

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Biography

Relevant illustrations:

photo.

Subjects:

Gender, Mathematics, Universities, Education, Statistics


    The biographical narrative begins by noting that for many people 'the event of the month has been the placing of Miss Phillipa Garrett Fawcett Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948) ODNB
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, in the great contest of the mathematical year at Cambridge University of Cambridge
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, "above the Senior Wrangler"' (17). Also details the education of 'the Lady Senior Wrangler' by her mother Millicent Fawcett Fawcett, Dame Millicent Garrett (1847–1929) ODNB
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, who has brought to the patriarchal world of politics 'a mind which may be called mathematical' and 'meets the Home Ruler with statistics of the cattle trade' (22).



Section: Leading Articles in the Reviews

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 28.

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Do Men Still Long for Immortality? No.—By Mr. Frederick W. Myers

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Frederic W H Myers Myers, Frederic William Henry (1843–1901) ODNB
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, Report of the Society of Psychical Research Annual Report of the Council and Statement of Accounts of the Society for Psychical Research (1884–1900+) British Library Catalogue
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Subjects:

Psychical Research, Psychology, Controversy

People mentioned:

Frank Podmore Podmore, Frank (1856–1910) ODNB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 29.

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Is Pasteurism a Fraud? Yes.—By T. M. Dolan, MD, and C. B. Taylor, MD

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Thomas M Dolan Dolan, Thomas Michael (b. 1844) WBI
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, Contemporary Review Contemporary Review (1866–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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, Charles B Taylor Taylor, Charles Bell (1829–1909) ODNB
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, National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Disease, Statistics, Error, Charlatanry

People mentioned:

Louis Pasteur Pasteur, Louis (1822–95) DSB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 29.

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The Exorcism of the Smoke Fiend

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Edward Carpenter Carpenter, Edward (1844–1929) ODNB
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, Macmillan's Magazine Macmillan's Magazine (1859–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Pollution, Industry, Machinery, Electricity


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 32.

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How Mankind Might be Improved. By Murder, Mutilation, or Imprisonment

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Hiram A Stanley Stanley, Hiram Alonzo (b. 1859) WBI
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, Arena Arena (1889–1900+) BUCOP
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, Journal of Mental Science Journal of Mental Science (1858–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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, Herbert L Snow Snow, Herbert Lumley (1847–1930) WBI
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, Nineteenth Century Nineteenth Century (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Heredity, Darwinism, Human Species, Breeding, Eugenics, Mental Illness, Degeneration


    Complains that all three articles fail to recognise that any plans to apply artificial selection to human breeding can be effected only 'by capital punishment, by surgical operation, or by perpetual imprisonment'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 33.

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How We are Improving Mankind. One Practical Method of Elimination

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Benjamin Waugh Waugh, Benjamin (1839–1908) ODNB
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, Contemporary Review Contemporary Review (1866–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Anti-Scientism, Heredity, Darwinism, Human Species, Eugenics, Degeneration, Morality


    Reports that 'scientists are clamouring for State legalised murder in the interests of artificial selection' and 'deploring the perversity of maudlin philanthropists in preserving alive those whom the beneficent law of elimination would send to their graves'. The 'immortal principle of the survival of the fittest and the doctrine of heredity' nevertheless point towards the need for some regulation of human reproduction.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 36.

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English Universities. From the Dutch Point of View

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Vragen des Tijds Vragen des Tijds (1875–1900+) COPAC
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Subjects:

Universities, Education, National Efficiency


    In the view of the Dutch, the University of Oxford University of Oxford
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and University of Cambridge University of Cambridge
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are 'survivals of an effete mediævalism' and cannot compete with institutions on the Continent, 'especially Dutch and German universities'. The principal cause of the rooted 'conservatism' of Oxbridge is the 'disastrous [...] absence of state interference'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 42.

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Some Facts and Figures About the Telegraph. The Number and Cost of Telegrams

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Bronson C Keeler Keeler, Bronson C (fl. 1880) WBI
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Telegraphy, Statistics, Commerce, Government

Institutions mentioned:

Western Union Telegraph Company Western Union Telegraph Company
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    Comments that 'the experience of England tells very strongly in favour of State telegraphy', and urges that the private ownership of the telegraph system in North America should be ended.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 43.

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Culture and Current Orthodoxy. Is There a Barrier Between Them?

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Thomas H Huxley Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95) DSB
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, Nineteenth Century Nineteenth Century (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Religion, Controversy


    Suggests that Huxley's judgement of 'the accounts given in Genesis of the Creation and of the Deluge as "lies" [...] is significant of the mental temperature in which the article is written'.


See also:

Desmond 1997 Desmond, Adrian 1997. Huxley: Evolution's High Priest, Michael Joseph
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, 191


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 44.

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Under Water Ships. The Latest Invention in Submarine Navigation

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

La Marine Française Marine Française, La (1888–1900+) Bibliotheque Nationale
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Subjects:

Military technology, Electricity, Machinery


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 45.

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The Man in the Moon

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Deutsche Revue Deutsche Revue (1877–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Astronomy, Imagination, Superstition


    Reports that the 'imagination of all nations has busied itself a great deal with the dark spots in the moon', and several 'strange myths and superstitions have sprung up'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 45.

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Who is the Greatest Genius of Our Age? Mr. Keely, by Mrs. Bloomfield-Moore

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Lippincott's Monthly Magazine Lippincott's Monthly Magazine of Literature, Science and Education (1868–70) Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science (1871–85) Lippincott's Monthly Magazine (1886–1900+) WaterlooDirectory
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, Clara S J B Moore Moore, Clara Sophia Jessup Bloomfield (1824–99) WBI
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Subjects:

Genius, Heterodoxy, Force, Electricity, Discovery, Invention, Science Fiction

People mentioned:

John E W Keely Keely, John Ernst Worrell (1827–98) WBI
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    Warns the 'sceptic and scornful from venturing further' into an article which nominates the man who 'discovered vril, the mysterious force' that is 'the governing medium of the universe' as the 'greatest genius of our age'. Also notes that 'Lord Lytton Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-, 1st Baron Lytton (1803–73) ODNB
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drew attention' to vril in his science fiction novel The Coming Race Lytton, Edward George Lytton Bulwer 1871. The Coming Race, Edinburgh: William Blackwood
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.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 46.

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Getting Up a Health Class. A Lady's Experience

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Woman's World Lady's World (1886–87) Woman's World (1887–90) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Public Health, Gender, Temperance, Secularism, Lecturing, Physiology

People mentioned:

William W Gull Gull, Sir William Withey, 1st Baronet (1816–90) ODNB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 48.

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The Hypnotic Epidemic. By Dr. B. W. Richardson

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Benjamin W Richardson Richardson, Benjamin Ward (1828–96) DSB
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, Asclepiad Asclepiad (1884–95) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Mesmerism, Medical Treatment, Medical Practitioners, Anaesthesia, Boundary Formation


    Notes that Richardson's article dismisses hypnotism as a 'contagious [...] epidemic' and also claims 'that Napoleon Napoleon I, Emperor of France (1769–1821) CBD
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hypnotised and governed by soldierly suggestion thousands of men who, on the field of battle, knew no fear. Under the same kind of power a medical practitioner can sometimes abolish physical pain; but it is not a method that can be depended upon with any certainty'. For Richardson 'the hypnotic method will never become a serious rival of the physical anaesthesia, local and general, produced by ether' and will soon be seen as merely one of many 'passing vanities'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 49.

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The Science of History. Must it be Based on Statistics

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Henri Berr Berr, Henri (1863–1954) WBI
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, Nouvelle Revue Nouvelle Revue (1879–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Sociology, Natural Law, Progress, Statistics, Mathematics, Heroism

People mentioned:

Louis Bourdeau, Bourdeau, Louis (1824–1900) WBI
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Thomas Carlyle Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881) ODNB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 51.

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How I Became a Rationalist. By Mr. W. E. H. Lecky

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

William E H Lecky Lecky, William Edward Hartpole (1838–1903) ODNB
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Religion, Rationalism, Agnosticism


Section: The Reviews Reviewed

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 56–57.

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The National

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Herbert L Snow Snow, Herbert Lumley (1847–1930) WBI
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, National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Heterodoxy, Quackery, Boundary Formation

People mentioned:

Cesare Mattei Mattei, Cesare (1809–96) WBI
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 57–58.

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The Arena

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

William C P Breckinridge Breckinridge, William Campbell Preston (1837–1904) WBI
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, Arena Arena (1889–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Race, Biblical Authority


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 58–59.

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The Forum

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Cyrus Edson Edson, Cyrus (1857–1903) WBI
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Public Health


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 60.

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Cornhill

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Cornhill Magazine Cornhill Magazine (1860–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Psychical Research | Ornithology

Institutions mentioned:

Society for Psychical Research Society for Psychical Research
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 66.

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The German Magazines

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Aus Allen Weltteilen Aus Allen Weltteilen (1870–98) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Physical Geography, Popularization


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 66.

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The Italian and Scandinavian Reviews

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Rassegna Nazionale Rassegna Nazionale (1879–1900+) BUCOP
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, Naturen Naturen (1877–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Anti-Scientism, Evolution, Gender | Heredity

People mentioned:

Grant Allen, Allen, Grant (Charles Grant Blairfindie) (1848–99) ODNB
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Henry H Ellis Ellis, Henry Havelock (1859–1939) ODNB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 71.

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The Musical Magazines

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Musical Opinion Musical Opinion and Music Trade Review (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory BUCOP
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Subjects:

Music, Sound, Theory


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 72–73.

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Some Foreign Military Periodicals

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Jahrbucher fur die Deutsche Armee und Marine Jahrbücher fur die Deutsche Armee und Marine (1871–1900+) BUCOP
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, Internationale Revue uber die Gesammten Armeen und Flotten Internationale Revue uber die Gesammten Armeen und Flotten (1882–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Military Technology, Industrial Chemistry

People mentioned:

Alfred B Nobel Nobel, Alfred Bernhard (1833–96) DSB
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^^ Back to the top of this issue

Issue [2] (August 1890)Expand    Contract

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 103–13.

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The Progress of the World

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Editorial, News-Commentary

Relevant illustrations:

photo. [4]

Subjects:

Engineers, Military Technology, Gas Chemistry, Humanism, Patents, War, Science Fiction, Futurism, Progress, Ethnology, Christianity, Photography, Telegraphy, Imperialism, Railways, Electricity, Government

People mentioned:

John Lubbock Lubbock, Sir John, 4th Baronet and 1st Baron Avebury (1834–1913) DSB ODNB
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Institutions mentioned:

London Scottish Rifle Volunteers, London Scottish Rifle Volunteers
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Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company
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    Relates how the 'Giffard gun', which uses gas to propel bullets without sound or heat, is 'destined to destroy empires, check the progress of Socialism, and establish throughout the world the principle of government by consent of the governed' (103). Both man's ability in the future 'instantly at will [to] kill his fellow with impunity' and the increasing 'utilization of Vril—the invisible force of the universe' will mean that 'government by force becomes extinct'. This is illustrated by a lengthy passage from Edward G E L Bulwer-Lytton's Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-, 1st Baron Lytton (1803–73) ODNB
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science fiction novel The Coming Race Lytton, Edward George Lytton Bulwer 1871. The Coming Race, Edinburgh: William Blackwood
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(104). Presents two photographs of 'an Indian of the Wild West' that show him before and after the process of Christian civilization that has replaced the military subjugation of native Americans (105). Also comments that creating confusion amongst the enemy by 'lying by telegram' is 'regarded as [a] legitimate mode of warfare' (106), and reports on how the African mainland is being increasingly connected by telegraphs and railways. The House of Lords House of Lords
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has rejected a 'proposal to make an electric underground railway from Kensington to the City, fearing that it might endanger the stability of St. Paul's' (111).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 116–20.

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School Excursions to Historic Scenes. Report of Our Helpers on Service for July

Anon

Genre:

Editorial, Notes

Subjects:

Nationalism, Natural History, Societies, Schools, Popularization


    After complaining that we are 'bringing up our children in almost total ignorance of the scenes in the midst of which they pass their lives', the article lists a few clubs and associations whose members 'find profit and pleasure in visiting the scenes famous in our island story' (117). Amongst those selected is the Brighton Higher Grade Board School Natural History Club Brighton Higher Grade Board School Natural History Club
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, whose rules are listed.



Section: Leading Articles in the Reviews

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 129–30.

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My Schools and Schoolmasters. By Professor Tyndall

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

John Tyndall Tyndall, John (1820–93) DSB
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Scientific Practitioners, Schools, Mapping, Mathematics, Universities, Scientific Naturalism

People mentioned:

Edward Frankland, Frankland, Sir Edward (1825–99) DSB DNODNBB
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Thomas Carlyle, Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881) ODNB
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Robert W E Bunsen Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm Eberhard (1811–99) DSB
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Institutions mentioned:

Preston Mechanics' Institute, Preston Mechanics' Institute
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Queenswood College, Queenswood College, Stockbridge, Hampshire
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University of Marburg University of Marburg
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 130.

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A Novel Argument Against Darwinism

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Anglo-Austrian Anglo-Austrian (cited 1890) RR1-2-2a-4
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Subjects:

Darwinism, Anti-Scientism


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 132.

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How to Utilize Amateur Photographers

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Photographic Quarterly Photographic Quarterly (1889–92) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Photography, Amateurism


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 136.

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How Far will Hypnotism Go? Its Latest Miracles

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Jules B Luys Luys, Jules Bernard (1828–97) WBI
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, Fortnightly Review Fortnightly Review (1865–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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, C Theodore Ewart Ewart, Charles Theodore (1856–1917) WIVP
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, Nineteenth Century Nineteenth Century (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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, Quarterly Review Quarterly Review (1809–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Mesmerism, Psychology, Disease, Medical Treatment, Magnetism, Evolution,


    Abstracts the latest research on 'that new and most uncanny of modern sciences, which may revolutionize most of the received ideas as to the constitution and laws of the mind of man'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 137.

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More About Count Mattei

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Walburga E H Paget Paget, Countess Walburga Ehrengarde Helena de (d. 1929) ODNB, s.v. Paget, Sir Augustus Berkeley
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, National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Homeopathy, Heterodoxy, Medical Practitioners

People mentioned:

Cesare Mattei Mattei, Cesare (1809–96) WBI
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 142.

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With the Red-Skins. The Strange Story of John Nelson

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Cécile Vincens Vincens, Cécile (b. 1840) WBI
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, Nouvelle Revue Nouvelle Revue (1879–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Ethnography


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 143.

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Professor Huxley as Controversialist

Anon

Genre:

Editorial

Subjects:

Religion, Controversy, Error


    Apologises for printing 'a railing accusation against Professor Huxley Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95) DSB
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last month which he did not deserve'. The 'blunder' was caused by mistaking the verb "lies" for a noun. (143)


See also:

Anon, 'Culture and Current Orthodoxy. Is There a Barrier Between Them?', Review of Reviews, 2 (1890), 43


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 153.

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The Agricultural Crisis in America. A Study by Comte Kératry

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Emile, comte de Kératry Kératry, Emile, comte de (b. 1832) WBI
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, Revue des Deux Mondes Revue des Deux Mondes (1831–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Agriculture, Government


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 154.

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The Electric Witch. A Quaint Fancy. By Oliver Wendell Holmes

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Oliver W Holmes Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809–94) CBD
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, Atlantic Monthly Magazine Atlantic Monthly Magazine (1857–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Spiritualism, Electricity, Railways, Creation, Anti-Scientism


    Extracts Holmes's claim that even in this 'age of cynicism' the 'form of cosmic vitality which we call electricity' should induce 'reverence'. Holmes comments, 'How near the mystic effluence of mechanical energy brings us to the divine source of all power and motion!'. He also describes 'electric tramcar[s]' as 'mighty caravans' powered by a 'mystic impulse'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 155.

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Mr. Grant Allen's Ideal of Womanhood. A Protest from Madame Blavatsky

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Helena P H Blavatsky Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna Hahn (1831–91) ODNB
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, Universal Review Universal Review (1888–94) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Gender, Materialism, Anti-Scientism, Theosophy


    Reports that for 'a great number of [...] readers' Grant Allen Allen, Grant (Charles Grant Blairfindie) (1848–99) ODNB
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'should be placed under the major excommunication by all editors, and never again be allowed to sign an article in any periodical read by decent people'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 157.

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Are Criminals Responsible. The True Philosophy of Punishment

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Marie F Brunetière Brunetière, Marie Ferdinand (1840 or 1849–1906) WBI
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, Revue des Deux Mondes Revue des Deux Mondes (1831–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Sociology, Anthropology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 157.

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Is There Hope for the African. Yes. Indeed, Perhaps More Than for Us

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Alice Werner Werner, Alice (1859–1935) ODNB
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, Gentleman's Magazine Gentleman's Magazine (1731–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Race, Ethnology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 158.

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The Sun as Artist. Is Art Indebted to Photography?

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Photographic Quarterly Photographic Quarterly (1889–92) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Photography, Light


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 158.

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Spiritualism as a Social Phenomena

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Rintje K Kuipers Kuipers, Rintje Klaas (b. 1847) WBI
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, Vragen des Tijds Vragen des Tijds (1875–1900+) COPAC
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Subjects:

Spiritualism, Class, Morality


    Describes the 'spread of spiritualism in Holland, especially among the so-called cultivated middle classes' for whom neither the orthodoxy of the lower classes nor the unbelief of the educated upper classes can uphold the moral codes which underpin the social order.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 160.

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The Final Destiny of the Earth. A Curious Speculation

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

John S Vaughan Vaughan, John Stephen (1853–1925) WBI
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, Dublin Review Dublin Review (1836–60) Wiseman Review (1861–85) Dublin Review (1885–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Christianity, Eschatology, Miracle, Natural Economy


    Vaughan's Catholic view is that 'the world will continue until every particle of its immense bulk has passed through human bodies, and the whole of its enormous weight will be just sufficient to furnish forth new bodies for the human race when the trumpet sounds for the Resurrection!'.



Section: The Reviews Reviewed

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 161–62.

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The Edinburgh Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Edinburgh Review Edinburgh Review (1802–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Ornithology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 163–64.

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The Pioneer

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Pioneer Pioneer: A Quarterly Magazine Issued by the Pioneer Club. (1887–91) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Scientific Practitioners

People mentioned:

Herbert Spencer Spencer, Herbert (1820–1903) DSB
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Institutions mentioned:

Athenaeum Club Athenaeum Club
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 165.

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The Photographic Quarterly

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Photographic Quarterly Photographic Quarterly (1889–92) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Photography


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 169–70.

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The Nineteenth Century

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

George J Romanes Romanes, George John (1848–94) DSB
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, Nineteenth Century Nineteenth Century (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Biblical Authority, Geology, Natural History


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 170–71.

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The Forum

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

David P Todd Todd, David Peck (1855–1939) WBI
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Astronomy, Instruments, Photography | Military Technology, Industrial Chemistry | Physical Geography

Institutions mentioned:

United States Eclipse Expedition to West Africa United States Eclipse Expedition to West Africa
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 178.

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Some Foreign Military Periodicals

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Neue Militärische Blätter Neue Militärische Blätter (1875–1900+) BUCOP
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, Rivista di Artiglieria e Genio Rivista di Artiglieria e Genio (1884–1900+) European Library Portal
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Subjects:

Military Technology, Engineering


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 187–88.

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Our Scientific Causerie. Photography in Natural Colours. By the Editor of "The Practical Photographer"

H Snowden Ward Ward, Henry Snowden (1865–1911) ODNB
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Genre:

Regular Feature, Essay

Relevant illustrations:

wdct.

Subjects:

Photography, Periodicals, Light, History of Science

People mentioned:

Albert Bierstadt, Bierstadt, Albert (1830–1902) WBI
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Henry Collen, Collen, Henry (fl. 1820–72) WBI
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Frederick B Bond Bond, Sir Frederick Bligh (1864–1945) ODNB
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    After noting that in 'the July issue of the Photographic Quarterly Photographic Quarterly (1889–92) Waterloo Directory
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is published a photo-crome, or photo-mechanical print in natural colours, which is interesting as being the first photo-chrome from solid objects issued to the public in England, if not the world', the article details the history of scientific attempts to achieve the 'beautiful dream' of permanent colour photographic images. (187) Written in 'non-technical words' (187), it concludes that 'in ten or fifteen years, photography in natural colours may be almost as simple, and quite as near perfection, as photography in mono-chrome is to-day' (188).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 189–92.

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The Photographs of the Month

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Miscellaneous

Subjects:

Photography, Progress


    Announces that the 'progress of photography, and the rapid development of photographic publishing, leads me to add this month a new feature to the REVIEW Review of Reviews (1890–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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' (189).



^^ Back to the top of this issue

Issue [3] (September 1890)Expand    Contract

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 209–16.

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The Progress of the World

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Editorial, News-Commentary

Subjects:

Disease, Public Health, Sanitation

People mentioned:

Joseph Fayrer Fayrer, Sir Joseph, 1st Baronet (1824–1907) ODNB
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Institutions mentioned:

Sanitary Institute Sanitary Institute
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    Reports that 'cholera, that beneficent sanitary inspector of the universe, is on his rounds again'. The water-born disease 'probably does more for the sanitation of the world than all the other diseases put together' (213), for it is only during a cholera outbreak that there occurs 'a sudden awakening of the public conscience' over the need for public health legislation (214).



Section: Leading Articles in the Reviews

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 234.

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The Progress of Theosophy. By Madame Blavatsky

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Helena P H Blavatsky Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna Hahn (1831–91) ODNB
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, North American Review North American Review (1815–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Theosophy, Psychical Research, Spiritualism, Materialism


    Contends that the 'Theosophical Society Theosophical Society
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hatched the Psychical Research Society Society for Psychical Research
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, but it has much more vitality than its chicken'. Also reports Blavatsky's claim that the theosophical movement is 'a necessity of the age' in its search for 'scientific proofs of the existence and predominance of the higher self' and its support for 'spirituality as opposed to materialism'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 235.

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The Mote and the Beam. A Russian Protest Against English Hypocrisy

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Helena P H Blavatsky Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna Hahn (1831–91) ODNB
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, Lucifer Lucifer (1887–97) Theosophical Review (1897–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Imperialism, Ethnology, Race, Natural Imperialism, Extinction


    Blavatsky argues that the English are not in a position to criticise Russian atrocities in Siberia when, as Carl Lumholtz Lumholtz, Carl (1851–1922) WBI
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claims, 'To kill a native of Australia is the same as killing a dog in the eyes of a British colonist'. She also cites a passage from Lumholtz's book Among Cannibals Lumholtz, Carl 1889. Among Cannibals: An Account of Four Years' Travels in Australia and of Camp Life with the Aborigines of Queensland, London: John Murray
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which suggests that within a few years 'the Australian aboriginal race will have disappeared from the face of the earth'. (235)



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 236.

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How to Feed Mankind in the Millennium. Try Hothouses. By Prince Kropotkin

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Prince Peter Kropotkin Kropotkin, Prince Peter (1842–1921) CBD
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Political Economy, Population, Agriculture, Technology, Invention

People mentioned:

Thomas R Malthus Malthus, Thomas Robert (1766–1834) DSB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 239.

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A Prophecy of Woe. Wars, Earthquakes, and Revolution

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Joseph R Buchanan Buchanan, Joseph Rhodes (1814–99) WBI
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, Arena Arena (1889–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Psychology, Supernaturalism, Prognostication, Natural Law, Geology, Heterodoxy


    Buchanan, author of A Manual of Psychometry Buchanan, Joseph Rhodes 1885. A Manual of Psychometry: The Dawn of a New Civilization, Boston: Holman Brothers, Press of the Roxbury Advocate
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, has previously 'made several predictions which have been verified'. He now predicts that, as 'periodicity is a law of nature', we are 'approaching our revolutionary period', during which there will 'occur a geological convulsion before which all the earthquakes of the past will seem the merest trifles'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 246.

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Another Mattei Miracle. A Cancer Cured After Three Operations

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Samuel Kennedy Kennedy, Samuel (fl. 1891–1900) RLIN
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, National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Controversy, Heterodoxy, Quackery, Boundary Formation

People mentioned:

Cesare Mattei, Mattei, Cesare (1809–96) WBI
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Herbert L Snow Snow, Herbert Lumley (1847–1930) WBI
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 246.

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The Horrors of Hypnotism. How to Limit Them by Law

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Arena Arena (1889–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Mesmerism, Government


    Claims that the 'doctrine of free will is entirely destroyed by hypnotism' and warns that the 'hypnotised can be used as a ready tool in the service of crime'. Calls for state legislation which will restrict 'the practice of hypnotism' to 'licensed physicians [...] having authorized witnesses present'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 250.

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Submarine Boats in War. A Novel Idea for the Defence of Sea Ports

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Revista General de Marina Revista General de Marina (1877–1900+) BUCOP
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, La Marine Française Marine Française, La (1888–1900+) Bibliotheque Nationale
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Subjects:

Military Technology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 252.

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How Men Become Automata. The Real Progress of Life

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Jules B Luys Luys, Jules Bernard (1828–97) WBI
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, Nouvelle Revue Nouvelle Revue (1879–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Physiological Psychology, Neurology, Mental Illness


    Argues that even though the performance of several operations, including writing and playing the piano, become mechanical, a 'psychic force remains in action, side by side with automatic force'. However, 'when the man has become all mechanical his race is run. He is already half dead'. This state of senility, in which the mental state is nothing more than 'an agglomeration of acquired habits', is 'possible at all ages'.



Section: The Reviews Reviewed

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 255–56.

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The Fortnightly Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Alfred R Wallace Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913) DSB
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, Fortnightly Review Fortnightly Review (1865–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Evolution, Human Species, Sex, Heredity, Periodicals


    Asserts, 'I am glad to see that Mr. A. R. Wallace is a diligent reader of the Review of Reviews Review of Reviews (1890–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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', basing his Fortnightly article on 'the various summaries of articles on the subject of the improvement of the race which appeared in recent numbers of the Review' (255).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 256–57.

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The Nineteenth Century

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Prince Peter Kropotkin Kropotkin, Prince Peter (1842–1921) CBD
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, Nineteenth Century Nineteenth Century (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Natural History, Zoology, Humanism, Christianity, Socialism


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 259.

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The Forum

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Charles-É Brown-Séquard Brown-Séquard, Charles-Édouard (1817–94) DSB
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Neurology, Physiological Psychology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 260.

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The North American Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Paul Gibier Gibier, Paul (d. 1910) WBI
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, North American Review North American Review (1815–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Statistics, Error

People mentioned:

Louis Pasteur Pasteur, Louis (1822–95) DSB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 261.

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The Arena

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Arena Arena (1889–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Psychical Research, Supernaturalism

Institutions mentioned:

Society for Psychical Research Society for Psychical Research
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 269.

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The Belgian Reviews

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Xavier de Reul Reul, Xavier de (1830–95) WBI
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, Léo Errera Errera, Léo (1858–1905) WBI
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, Revue de Belgique Revue de Belgique (1869–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Geology, Physiology, Popularization, Education, Nationalism


    Complains that articles in Belgian periodicals on geology and experimental physiology are 'mere food for babes, with not one new idea, good at most for a primer in a Board School'. What is presented to the Belgian public 'as something "new and strange"' is well known in England, even to 'a scholar at a working man's college'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 272.

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The Russian and Italian Reviews

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Rassegna Nazionale Rassegna Nazionale (1879–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Chemistry, Alchemy

People mentioned:

Michel E Chevreul, Chevreul, Michel Eugène (1786–1889) DSB
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Józef B Cagliostro Cagliostro, Józef Balsamo (d. 1795) WBI
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 273–74.

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Some Foreign Military Periodicals

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Mittheilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens Mittheilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens (1873–1900+) SBN
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Subjects:

Military Technology, Navigation


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 293–95.

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The Photographs of the Month

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Miscellaneous

Subjects:

Photography, Amateurism


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 296–97.

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Our Scientific Causerie. The Good Fairy Phagocyte; or, the Science of Germicide

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Essay

Relevant illustrations:

wdct.

Subjects:

Microscopy, Nomenclature, Disease, Bacteriology, Medical Treatment, Public Health

People mentioned:

Henry E Roscoe, Roscoe, Sir Henry Enfield (1833–1915) DSB
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Elie Metchnikoff Metchnikoff, Elie (1845–1916) DSB
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    Commenting on Joseph Lister's Lister, Joseph, 1st Baron Lister (1827–1912) DSB ODNB
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recent address at the Berlin Medical Congress Berlin Medical Congress
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, the article considers 'a subject which, on the face of it, seems far more incredible—far more unthinkable—than the existence of the angelic host' (296): the process by which foreign particles invading the animal body are broken down by tiny corpuscles 'now called Phagocytes' (297). Although science has 'christened them with an uncouth Greek name', Phagocyte cells in fact resemble 'fairies' or 'the tiniest elves' whose 'lives are spent in doing good to man'. Indeed, in 'the new science of Germicide we have the realization in material shape of the most fantastic dreams of our myth-evolving ancestors'. (296) Now that nearly all modern diseases have been traced to 'the presence of bacteria which prey upon the blood', we have great need of this 'huge standing army of beneficent but infinitesimally small entities [...] in every drop of blood' (296–97). As 'Professor Ray Lankester Lankester, Sir Edwin Ray (1847–1929) DSB ODNB
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said nearly two years ago', the 'future of preventive medicine [...] lies in the education of Phagocyte', which may, by a process of inoculation, be given 'a healthy appetite, and a sound digestion for all the poison germs which manifest mankind' (297).



^^ Back to the top of this issue

Issue [4] (October 1890)Expand    Contract

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 313–22.

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The Progress of the World

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Editorial, News-Commentary

Relevant illustrations:

photo. [2]

Subjects:

Military Technology, Industrial Chemistry, Progress, Metallurgy, Chemistry, Lecturing, Science Fiction, Population, Monographs, Gender, Exploration, Physical Geography

People mentioned:

Ernst G Ravenstein Ravenstein, Ernst Georg (1834–1913) ODNB
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    Comments that 'While politicians have rested on their oars, [...] scientists have been busy' during September. Military manoeuvres on the Continent, for instance, have 'driven home to the imagination of the world the fact that the "smoke of battle" is now as much an anachronism as the crossbow. The battles of the future will be fought with smokeless powder'. (313) Extols Frederick A Abel Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, 1st Baronet (1827–1902) ODNB
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as a 'great chemist' and 'the wielder of Vril', but complains that his Presidential Address to the British Association for the Advancement of Science British Association for the Advancement of Science
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at Leeds contained 'no dynamite' and 'left no clear and certain impact upon the mind' (314). However, Ménie M Dowie Dowie, Ménie Muriel (1867–1945) ODNB
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, the 'granddaughter of Robert Chambers Chambers, Robert (1802–71) DSB
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', delivered a paper on her explorations in the 'out-of-the-way' Carpathian mountains to the Geographical Section, which, far from being considered 'unwomanly', was received enthusiastically by 'the Parliament of Science'. Her talk 'teaches what a woman can do without ceasing to be womanly'. Also remarks that a 'cheap re-issue of Malthus's Malthus, Thomas Robert (1766–1834) DSB
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famous "Law of Population" Malthus, Thomas Robert 1890. An Essay on the Principle of Population: or, A View of its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness with an Inquiry into our Prospects Respecting the Future Removal or Mitigation of the Evils which it Occasions, (reprinted from the last edn rev. by the author. With a biography of the author and critical introduction, by G. T. Bettany), London and New York: Ward, Lock
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is one of the signs of the times'. (315)



Section: Leading Articles in the Reviews

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 337.

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How to Reform Our Hospitals. By Sir Morell Mackenzie

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Morell Mackenzie Mackenzie, Sir Morell (1837–92) ODNB
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, Contemporary Review Contemporary Review (1866–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Hospitals, Medical Practitioners, Political Economy


    Suggests that the living standards of patients applying for hospital treatment should be investigated by the Provident Society Provident Society
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in order to reduce the 'abuse of hospital charity'. Those who 'through want of thrift' fail to subscribe to a provident system should 'not be allowed to receive relief except at the Poor Law or pauper hospitals', and should also 'forfeit for a time their political rights'. This reformed scheme of medical relief would also ensure the 'unification' and 'better distribution of hospitals', as well as throwing open hospital appointments to all 'legally-qualified medical practitioners, regardless of the source or nature of their diplomas'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 339.

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How Science Supports Scripture. By Mr. Gladstone

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

William E Gladstone Gladstone, William Ewart (1809–98) ODNB
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, Good Words Good Words (1860–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Biblical Authority, Controversy, Creation, Geology, Comparative Philology, Scientific Naturalism

People mentioned:

Thomas H Huxley, Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95) DSB
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John W Dawson, Dawson, Sir John William (1820–99) DSB ODNB
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George D Campbell, Campbell, George Douglas, 8th Duke of Argyll (1823–1900) ODNB
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Friedrich Max Müller Max Müller, Friedrich (1823–1900) ODNB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 348.

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How Long Should a Man Work? By Dr. Benj. W. Richardson

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Benjamin W Richardson Richardson, Benjamin Ward (1828–96) DSB
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, Longman's Magazine Longman's Magazine (1882–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Public Health, Industry


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 348.

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Count Mattei, the Miracle Worker

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Heterodoxy, Quackery, Boundary Formation

People mentioned:

Cesare Mattei, Mattei, Cesare (1809–96) WBI
Close   View the register entry >>
Herbert L Snow Snow, Herbert Lumley (1847–1930) WBI
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 352.

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How to Make Feather Books. A New Natural History Amusement

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Eliza Brightwen Brightwen (née Elder), Eliza (1830–1906) ODNB
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, Nature Notes Selborne Magazine (1888–89) Nature Notes; the Selborne Society's Magazine (1890–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Natural History, Amusement, Ornithology, Amateurism, Gender


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 354.

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The Responsibility of Leaders of Thought. The Moral of M. Bourget's "Disciple"

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Nouvelle Revue Nouvelle Revue (1879–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Scientific Practitioners, Experimental Psychology, Experiment, Morality, Anti-Scientism, Darwinism


    This 'shot fired against the scientific school' considers whether a philosopher's 'opinions on the value of psychological experiment' make him responsible when 'his pupil, in the name of psychological study, makes experiments upon himself and the daughter of his employer' which lead to 'dishonour, and finally death, for the girl'. No definitive answer is given to the problem. Concludes that 'the cultivated youth of France [...] will not be taught to forget' the path of 'moral progress [....] by dilettantism, nor scepticism, nor Darwinism, nor determinism'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 355.

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The New Laws of 1890

Anon

Genre:

News-Digest

Subjects:

Government, Mental Illness, Agriculture, Disease


    Gives brief details of new legislation, including the 'Lunacy Act' and the 'Contagious Diseases (Animals—Pleuro-Pneumonia) Act'.



Section: The Reviews Reviewed

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 357–58.

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The Contemporary Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Alexander T Innes Innes, Alexander Taylor (1833–1912) WBI
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, Contemporary Review Contemporary Review (1866–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Mesmerism, Professionalization


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 358.

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The National Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Henry W Hubbard Hubbard, Henry William (1856–1906) WIVP
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, National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Medical Treatment, Quackery, Public Health, Chemistry

Institutions mentioned:

Central Sanitary Bureau, Japan Central Sanitary Bureau, Japan
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 360.

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The Fortnightly Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Ménie M Dowie Dowie, Ménie Muriel (1867–1945) ODNB
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, Fortnightly Review Fortnightly Review (1865–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Exploration, Physical Geography, Gender


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 361.

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The Forum

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

G Stanley Hall Hall, Granville Stanley (1844-1924) WBI
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, Charles A Young Young, Charles Augustus (1834–1908) DSB
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, John P Finley Finley, John Park (b. 1854) WBI
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Museums | Astronomy, Photography | Meteorology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 362.

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North American Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

William S Searle Searle, William S (b. 1833) WBI
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, North American Review North American Review (1815–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Hunting, Natural Imperialism, Extinction | Public Health, Error, Heredity


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 368.

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The Italian Reviews

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Rivista Internazionale d'Igiene Rivista Internazionale d'Igiene (cited 1890) RR1/2/4b/14
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Subjects:

Bacteriology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 370–71.

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The German Magazines

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Camille Flammarion Flammarion, Camille (1842–1925) DSB
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, Deutsche Revue Deutsche Revue (1877–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Astronomy


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 374–75.

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Some Foreign Military Periodicals

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Neue Militärische Blätter Neue Militärische Blätter (1875–1900+) BUCOP
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, Mittheilungen über Gegenstände des Artillerie und Genie-Wesens Mittheilungen über Gegenstände des Artillerie und Genie-Wesens (1870–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Military Technology, Light


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 377–81.

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The Photographs of the Month

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Miscellaneous

Subjects:

Photography, Astronomy


    Asserts that the 'most astonishing results [...] have been produced in astronomy by the aid of photography', and claims that 'Never before in the history of humanity has man possessed the power of penetrating so profoundly into the depths of the infinite' (378).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 382–97.

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The Book of the Month. In Darkest England, and the Way Out. By General Booth  [1/2]Anon, 'The Book of the Month. In Darkest England, and the Way Out. By General Booth', Review of Reviews, 2 (1890), 492–507

Close

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Booth 1890 Booth, General [William] 1890. In Darkest England, and the Way Out, London and New York: Salvation Army
Close   View the register entry >>

Subjects:

Miracle, Religion, Materialism, Scientific Naturalism, Anti-Scientism


    Précis of a recent book by William Booth Booth, William (1829–1912) ODNB
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. Contends that the Salvation Army Salvation Army
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has elicited a 'pactolean stream from the barren rock of a materialistic and unbelieving generation'. Also argues that 'if General Booth be altogether mistaken in his theory of the universe, the work is even more miraculous than if he is right. For if we grant to the uttermost all that materialistic and agnostic ever claimed, grant that man dies as the beast dies [...] the marvel and the mystery of the work which Mrs. Booth Booth (née Mumford), Catherine (1829–90) ODNB
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and her husband set on foot are more marvellous and more mysterious than if these, our hypotheses, be correct'. (384)



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Issue [5] (November 1890)Expand    Contract

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 413–22.

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The Progress of the World

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Editorial, News-Commentary

Relevant illustrations:

eng. [3]

Subjects:

War, Scientism, Military Technology, Chemistry, Alchemy


    Commemorates the ninetieth birthday of Helmuth K B F von Moltke Moltke, Helmuth Karl Bernhard Freiherr von (1800–91) CBD
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, 'the supreme scientific soldier of the century'. For him 'War [...] became more an affair of the laboratory of the chemist than of the tented field. He was the great alchemist of victory, who discovered the philosopher's stone in the simple secret of doing everything beforehand that could be done'. (420)



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 423–37.

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Character Sketch: October. The Right Hon. John Morley, M.P.

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Biography

Subjects:

Unbelief, Religion, Agnosticism, Humanism, Positivism

People mentioned:

John Morley Morley, John, Viscount Morley of Blackburn (1838–1923) ODNB
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Section: Leading Articles in the Reviews

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 446–47.

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How I was Educated. By Mr. Frederic Harrison

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Frederic Harrison Harrison, Frederic (1831–1923) ODNB
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Positivism, Education


    Complains that because Frederic Harrison is 'not compelled to write in order to live [...] one of the most brilliant pens in English literature is allowed either to rust or indite Positivist lectures which are delivered to a mere handful of the elect' (446).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 448.

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Mr. Gladstone on Science and the Bible. Concluding Paper

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

William E Gladstone Gladstone, William Ewart (1809–98) ODNB
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, Good Words Good Words (1860–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Biblical Authority, Controversy, Creation

People mentioned:

Thomas H Huxley Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95) DSB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 449.

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The Coming Chinese Conquest. A Confirmation of Lord Wolseley's Views

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Imperialism, Ethnography, Race


    Explains that the Chinese have 'an enormous natural advantage' over the white races, in that 'they can do with so little sleep'.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 450.

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Photography with an Object. Some Suggestions for Amateurs

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Photographic Quarterly Photographic Quarterly (1889–92) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Photography, Amateurism


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 456.

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Looking a Little Forward. By the Author of "Looking Backward"

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Edward Bellamy Bellamy, Edward (1850–98) CBD
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Government, Socialism, Telegraphy, Railways


    Bellamy proposes 'the immediate national assumption of the control' of the American telegraph and railway systems.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 458.

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How I Shall Get to the North Pole. By Dr. Nansen

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Fridtjof Nansen Nansen, Fridtjof (1861–1930) DSB
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, Longman's Magazine Longman's Magazine (1882–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Exploration, Navigation, Oceanography


Section: The Reviews Reviewed

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 465–66.

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The National Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Samuel Kennedy Kennedy, Samuel (fl. 1891–1900) RLIN
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, National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Heterodoxy, Quackery, Boundary Formation

People mentioned:

Cesare Mattei, Mattei, Cesare (1809–96) WBI
Close   View the register entry >>
Herbert L Snow Snow, Herbert Lumley (1847–1930) WBI
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 466–67.

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The Nineteenth Century

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Prince Peter Kropotkin Kropotkin, Prince Peter (1842–1921) CBD
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, Thomas H Huxley Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95) DSB
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, Nineteenth Century Nineteenth Century (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Natural History, Zoology, Humanism, Christianity, Socialism | Palaeontology, Human Species, Race


     Remarks warily that 'even the most daring of reviewers would shrink from attempting to summarize' Huxley's essay (467).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 468–69.

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The Forum

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Jacques W Redway Redway, Jacques Wardlaw (b. 1849) WBI
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, Forum Forum (1886–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Oceanography, Physical Geography


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 471–72.

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The Edinburgh Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Edinburgh Review Edinburgh Review (1802–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Heredity, Controversy

People mentioned:

Theodor Eimer, Eimer, Theodor (1843–98) WBI
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August F L Weismann Weismann, August Friedrich Leopold (1834–1914) DSB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 475–76.

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Short Notices

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Grant Allen Allen, Grant (Charles Grant Blairfindie) (1848–99) ODNB
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, Cornhill Magazine Cornhill Magazine (1860–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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, Percy F Frankland Frankland, Percy Faraday (1858–1946) DSB
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, English Illustrated Magazine English Illustrated Magazine (1883–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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, Leisure Hour Leisure Hour (1852–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Natural History | Microscopy, Bacteriology, Disease | Microscopy


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 482–83.

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The German Magazines

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Karl H Schellbach Schellbach, Karl Heinrich (1805–92) WBI
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, Deutsche Revue Deutsche Revue (1877–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Education, Mathematics, Patronage


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 484–85.

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Some Foreign Military Periodicals

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Revue du Génie Militaire Revue du Génie Militaire (1887–1900+) BUCOP
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, Neue Militärische Blätter Neue Militärische Blätter (1875–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Sanitation, Public Health | Military Technology, Industrial Chemistry


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 492–507.

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The Book of the Month. In Darkest England, and the Way Out. By General Booth  [2/2]Anon, 'The Book of the Month. In Darkest England, and the Way Out. By General Booth', Review of Reviews, 2 (1890), 382–97

Close

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Booth 1890 Booth, General [William] 1890. In Darkest England, and the Way Out, London and New York: Salvation Army
Close   View the register entry >>

Subjects:

Religion, Unbelief, Heredity, Materialism, Steam-power, Railways, Engineers, Discovery


    According to William Booth Booth, William (1829–1912) ODNB
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the 'injustice of our present social arrangements [...] is to the mass of men Atheism made easy' (496). Notes that Booth 'shudders while he admits that the more forbidding doctrines of Calvinism should have been to some extent rehabilitated by the favourite scientific doctrines of our day', especially those of heredity and automatism, and that he resolutely 'rejects the gospel of despair in its quasi-scientific dress' (497). Booth asserts that he has made a discovery in 'the philanthropic sphere' which is 'something analogous' to the 'discovery of the steam engine' and 'the engineer's parallel bars' in the sphere of transportation, and like these, it too will 'transform civilization' (499).



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Issue [6] (December 1890)Expand    Contract

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 527–45.

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The Progress of the World

Anon

Genre:

Regular Feature, Editorial, News-Commentary

Relevant illustrations:

photo. [2], map

Subjects:

Ethnography, Observation, Utilitarianism, Scientism, Steamships, Accidents, Railways, Error


    Comments on the popular 'prejudice against cannibalism' provoked by the late James S Jameson's Jameson, James Sligo (1856–88) ODNB
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'scientific investigations into the existence of the custom' in central Africa. Relates how 'Possessing the scientific temperament, Mr. Jameson, hearing stories of cannibalism, refused to believe what he had never seen'. He 'put it to the test' by watching a group of cannibals kill and eat a slave girl, sketching the scene 'with the utilitarian nonchalance of a man of science' and 'congratulating himself on his unique experience'. (541) Also records (with the help of photographs and a map) the sinking of HMS Serpent HMS Serpent
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off the Spanish Atlantic coast, as well as a 'disastrous' railway accident near Taunton caused by the human error of a signalman. (542–43)



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 546–60.

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Character Sketch. Dr. Robert Koch

Anon / A Conan Doyle Doyle, Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan (1859–1930) ODNB
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/ Dr Koch Koch, Heinrich Hermann Robert (1843–1910) DSB
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Genre:

Regular Feature—Editorial, News-Commentary, Introduction / Biography / Essay, Extract / Afterword

Relevant illustrations:

eng. [2], photo. [9]

Subjects:

Disease, Medical Treatment, Medical Practitioners, Quackery, Professionalization, Heterodoxy, Boundary Formation, Bacteriology, Microscopy, Discovery, Hospitals

People mentioned:

Louis Pasteur, Pasteur, Louis (1822–95) DSB
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Ernst von Bergmann Bergmann, Ernst von (1836–1907) WBI RLIN
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    The introduction begins by reflecting on 'the flood' of 'consumptive patients' from all over Europe who have descended upon Berlin in the 'hope that at last the wizards of science had discovered a formula by which to conjure away the malady which has eaten into their lungs' (547). However, the elaborate secrecy which surrounds H H Robert Koch's Koch, Heinrich Hermann Robert (1843–1910) DSB
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experimental remedy leads to a consideration of Cesare Mattei's Mattei, Cesare (1809–96) WBI
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alleged cure for cancer. Although 'Koch is fashionable, and Mattei is heterodox', it is hoped that there 'will be much more readiness to subject the Mattei remedies to a scientific examination and to experiment after the Koch boom than before'. The author nevertheless complains of 'the curious inconsistency which prevails in the profession' of medicine, and states that while 'the British Medical Journal British Medical Journal (1857–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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has itself taken an honourable part in enlightening the English public as to the remedy' advanced by Koch, 'when confronted by another secret remedy its acting Editor Paget, Sir James, 1st Baronet (1814–99) ODNB
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will not listen to any suggestions of examining Count Mattei's remedies'. (548) In a brief afterword, the author remarks, that, as with Mattei's cure, 'there is absolutely no proof as yet that the Koch inoculations have cured a single case of consumption' (560). In his character sketch, Doyle relates how he 'had the good fortune to be the first English physician to arrive in Berlin after the announcement of Koch's discovery' (555). He reflects that the 'unruly tribes of deadly micro-organisms' now brought 'under subjection' by Koch are 'the last creatures in the organic world to submit to the sway of man'. These ostensibly 'insignificant creatures', who 'in one year [...] would claim more victims from the human race than all the tigers who have ever trod a jungle', have made a 'satire [...] upon the majesty of man'. (552) The article also includes Koch's own account of his remedy, translated from the Deutsche Medizinsche Wohenschrift Deutsche Medizinsche Wohenschrift (1875–1900+) BUCOP
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.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 561–67.

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The Magic Lantern Mission

Anon

Genre:

Editorial, Announcement

Subjects:

Education, Photography, Light, Microscopy, Colleges, Class


    Set thinking by an earlier article in the Review of Reviews [Anon, 'How to Utilise the Magic Lantern. Some Valuable Hints to Teachers', Review of Reviews, 1 (1890), 404], the author announces that 'Photography and the Magic-Lantern seem destined to revolutionize education [...]. Between them they are going to democratize sects, [and] educate the masses'. It is 'in science teaching [that] this change will be more easily effected', where it is 'so obvious an advantage to be able to throw upon a screen, a thousand-fold magnified, before the eyes of a whole class, the exact picture of the microscopical infinitesimals, the varying fortunes of whose continual warfare make the difference between health and disease'. As well as in 'highly equipped colleges of science [...] endowed by pious founders or supported by public taxes', the magic lantern can also be used to help educate the poor, especially in religion. (561)



Section: Suggestions for Christmastide

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 570–72.

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Work for the Children to Do. The Dicky Bird Society

Anon

Genre:

Editorial, Announcement

Subjects:

Societies, Education, Amusement, Natural History, Humanism


    Gives details of the Dicky Bird Society Dicky Bird Society, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
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in Newcastle-upon-Tyne which exists to 'train children for helpful service to those who are round about them, and especially the dumb creatures who so often have been regarded as fair game for youth to torture and kill' (570).



Section: Leading Articles in the Reviews

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 577–78.

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Miraculous Virtues of Cold Water. The Story of the Cures of Priest Kneipp

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Anne de Ferro Ferro (née Gerard), Anne de (fl. 1890) WIVP
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, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine Edinburgh Monthly Magazine (1817) Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (1817–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Medical Treatment, Religion, Miracle, Homeopathy, Quackery, Medical Practitioners, Professionalization, Boundary Formation


    Suggests that this article on the water-cure which Sebastian Kneipp Kneipp, Sebastian (1821–97) WBI
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has practised in Bavaria for the past thirty years 'may produce as great a sensation as did Lady Paget's Paget, Countess Walburga Ehrengarde Helena de (d. 1929) ODNB, s.v. Paget, Sir Augustus Berkeley
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account of Count Mattei Mattei, Cesare (1809–96) WBI
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'. Of course, 'the doctors have done their best to discredit and ridicule his system, as the manner of doctors is', and they claim 'he is a quack, as he has no diploma', but even 'if he is a quack he has at least secured a distinguished patient in Baron Nathaniel Rothschild Rothschild, Sir Nathan Meyer, 2nd Baronet and 1st Baron Rothschild (1840–1915) ODNB
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'. (577)



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 579.

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The Magic Rainmakers of Africa. The Marvellous Tale of a Modern Munchausen

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Lucifer Lucifer (1887–97) Theosophical Review (1897–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Ethnography, Race, Supernaturalism


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 580.

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A Proposed Medical Practitioners' Union

Anon

Genre:

Announcement

Subjects:

Medical Practitioners, Professionalization


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 593.

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The Talent of Motherhood. Is it Endangered by Education?

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Arabella Kenealy Kenealy, Arabella Madonna (1858–1938) ODNB
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, National Review National Review (1883–1900+) Sullivan 1984
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Subjects:

Breeding, Gender, Public Health


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 593.

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How to Get Drunk for Fourpence. Ethermania in Ulster

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Norman S Kerr Kerr, Norman Shanks (1834–99) ODNB
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, New Review New Review (1889–97) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Narcotics, Public Health


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 597.

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The Humanity of the Small-Bore Rifle. From a Military Point of View

Anon

Genre:

Abstract

Publications abstracted:

Jahrbücher für die Deutsche Armee und Marine Jahrbücher fur die Deutsche Armee und Marine (1871–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Military Technology, Humanism

People mentioned:

Paul von Bruns Bruns, Paul von (1846–1916) WBI
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 610–45.

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A Guide to Christmas Literature. Being a Comprehensive Guide to the Gift-Books of the Season

Anon

Genre:

Miscellaneous, Notes

Subjects:

Popularization, Natural History, Monographs


    Includes sections on 'Popular Science' and 'Natural History' books for Christmas.



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 647–50.

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Our Scientific Causerie. Darwin's Successor at Home

Benjamin Kidd Kidd, Benjamin (1858–1916) ODNB
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Genre:

Regular Feature, Essay

Subjects:

Heredity, Genetics, Biology, Evolution, Embryology, Darwinism, Socialism, Nationalism, Sociology, Music, Sex


    Acclaims August F L Weismann's Weismann, August Friedrich Leopold (1834–1914) DSB
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theory of the continuity of the germ-plasm as 'one of the boldest and most masterful conceptions of science, forming a fitting supplement to Darwin's Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–82) DSB
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theories of the evolution of life'. Although 'originally a scientific hypothesis', Darwinism 'has invaded nearly every province of thought at the present time. It has transformed science; it has re-constructed philosophy'. (647) Darwin is 'the second Newton Newton, Sir Isaac (1642–1727) DSB
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which England has given to science', although until recently the French, out of 'a certain national jealousy', 'would not give up Cuvier Cuvier, Georges (1769–1832) DSB
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' (648). In an interview with Weismann at his home in Germany, Kidd discusses the sociological implications of his theory, as well as his insistence, in opposition to Alfred R Wallace Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913) DSB
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, on the possibility of an entirely naturalistic explanation for the 'origin and development of the musical faculty' (649). Because Weismann's theory rejects the transmission of acquired characteristics, it is able to 'dispel [the] nightmare' of urban 'vice and degradation' being 'transmitted to offspring and accumulated from generation to generation'. It is, Kidd concludes, the 'best hope which Darwinism has yet produced'. (650)



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 651–56.

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The Book of the Year—In Darkest England. For the Way Out—£70,000, and More to Follow

Anon

Genre:

Miscellaneous

Subjects:

Religion, Scientific Naturalism, Controversy, Socialism


    In an account of the remarkable success of In Darkest England, and the Way Out Booth, General [William] 1890. In Darkest England, and the Way Out, London and New York: Salvation Army
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, which is currently being 'discussed everywhere' (652), the author notes that 'Professor Huxley Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95) DSB
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objects to the rise of a new religious order', although the 'chief objections come from the militant Socialists, who seem to regard the General Booth, William (1829–1912) ODNB
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as poaching in their domain' (651).



Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 675–77.

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"Portraits and Autographs"

Anon

Genre:

Miscellaneous

Subjects:

Periodicals, Scientific Practitioners


    Prints a letter written by 'Professor Huxley Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95) DSB
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[...] after perusing the first number of the REVIEW OF REVIEWS Review of Reviews (1890–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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' in which he wishes William T Stead Stead, William Thomas (1849–1912) ODNB
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'all manner of success without that softening of the brain, which in my case would certainly supervene from any long continuance of such work as the editorship of the REVIEW OF REVIEWS' (677).



Section: The Reviews Reviewed

Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 683.

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The Nineteenth Century

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Herbert E Maxwell Maxwell, Sir Herbert Eustace, 7th Baronet of Monreith (1845–1937) ODNB
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, Nineteenth Century Nineteenth Century (1877–1900+) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Ornithology


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 685.

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The New Review

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

New Review New Review (1889–97) Waterloo Directory
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Subjects:

Medical Treatment, Medical Practitioners, Bacteriology

People mentioned:

H H Robert Koch Koch, Heinrich Hermann Robert (1843–1910) DSB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 691.

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The German Magazines

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Anton Biermer Biermer, Anton (1827–92) WBI
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, Deutsche Revue Deutsche Revue (1877–1900+) BUCOP
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Subjects:

Mesmerism, Spiritualism


Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 695.

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The Belgian and Scandinavian Reviews

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Nordisk Tidskrift Nordisk Tidskrift for Vetenskap Konst och Industri (1878–1900+) British Library Catalogue
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Subjects:

Electricity, Light

People mentioned:

Heinrich R Hertz, Hertz, Heinrich Rudolf (1857–94) DSB
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James C Maxwell Maxwell, James Clerk (1831–79) DSB
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Review of Reviews,  2 (1890), 718–19.

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Some Foreign Military Periodicals

Anon

Genre:

Review, Abstract

Publications reviewed:

Rivista di Artiglieria e Genio Rivista di Artiglieria e Genio (1884–1900+) European Library Portal
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Subjects:

War, Mathematics, Statistics


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